المنشورات العلمية لـكلية العلوم

احصائيات منشورات كلية العلوم

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    وثيقة

Effect of Doping with Cobber on Optical Properties of Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared by So-Gel Method

Thin films of cobber doped ZnO have been prepared on glass substrate using the Sol-Gel spin coating technique. The effect of doping percentage of Cu to ZnO thin films on the optical properties and optical constants are concluded from absorption and transmission measurements which are obtained by using double beam UV-Visible 1800 spectrophotometer in the wavelength (300-800)nm. It was found that the transmittance increases with increasing the doping percentage (0.01, 0.02,0.03 and 0.04)mol%, while the Absorbance is decreased. The optical energy band gaps have been evaluated and their values seem to be decreased by increasing the doping concentration level in the range (0.01, 0.02, 0.03)mol% followed by a rise with increasing the doping level to 0.04mol%. arabic 17 English 84
Fawzeia Khamis(9-2020)
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Optical Properties of Pure Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Sol-Gel Method

Thin films of pure ZnO have been prepared on glass substrate using the Sol–Gel spin coating technique. Transmittance and absorbance spectra have been measured by using double beam UV-Visible 1800 spectrophotometer in the wavelength range (300-800)nm. It was found that the absorbance decreases with increasing the wavelength, while the transmittance increases with rising the wavelength. The transmittance exceeds 90% in the visible light region and in the near-infrared. The obtained results have shown that intrinsic ZnO is a semiconductor of wide optical energy band gap estimated to be 3.33eV. Furthermore, some optical properties and optical constants have been calculated from absorption and transmission measurements such as absorption coefficient, Urbach energy, extinction coefficient, refractive index and dielectric constant. arabic 12 English 63
Fawzeia Khamis(8-2020)
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Radiation Induced Defects and Thermoluminescence Characteristics in Eu, Dy and Eu/Dy Doped-Quartz Sol-Gel by 2 Gy Beta and 2 MeV 4He+ Irradiations

Thermoluminescence (TL) of pure and Eu3+ and Dy3+ doped synthesis quartz was synthesized and their ion beam and thermoluminescence properties were investigated. The as prepared, doped and co-doped quartz and the effects of imparting 2 Gy beta dose and 2MeV 4He+ ion beam irradiation is investigated. The basic model proposed and can explain our observations is that, the dominant signals from the as prepared material arise from the incorporation of the transitions within the RE dopants enhanced by the intensity from the intrinsic or host defect sites within the synthesis quartz network. The complex shape TL glow curves indicate that irradiation causes major distortions to the lattice with the incorporation of extrinsic impurities and RE doping processes, induce perturbations and alter the energy levels pattern of the free ions and assigned transitions probabilities in a manner that that depends on the dopants, their concentrations and the host material. The larger Eu ions stabilize the emission more than that of the Dy ions. The TL peak temperatures are commonly correlated via charge transfer processes and scale with the ions size, in such a manner that the close proximity (or shallow traps) allows lower temperature electron release, whereas the more distant variants (deep traps) are less distorted, but are still able to couple to the higher energy orbitals of the Eu ions. arabic 26 English 120
Fawzeia Khamis(10-2020)
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Improved Thermoluminescence Properties of Natural NaCl Salt Extracted From Mediterranean Sea Water Relevant to Radiation Dosimetry

Thermoluminescence (TL) technique has been used to characterize and determine the dosimetric properties of natural sodium chloride (NaCl) salt extracted from the Seawater of the Mediterranean Sea. The TLD grade material was prepared by evaporation and annealing the powder obtained from the aqueous solution. The TL properties include the response to theb-irradiation dose and the effects resulting from annealing up to 700oC, heating rate and fading. The analysis involve using total Glow Curve Deconvolution (GCD) to separate the inherent overlapping TL-peaks and determine the TL characteristics and the trapping parameters using general order (GO)kinetics (activation energy, kinetic order, peak position of trap and the frequency factor). The GL-curves exhibit well defined TL-peaks around 140oC, 225oC and 380oC and response depending on the annealing temperature due to variations due to formation of the structural defects. A linear response was noticed over the delivered range of absorbed doses up to 4Gy. The fading results gave evidence that TL emission is due to a redistribution of trapping levels and indicate that the prominent TL-peak near 225oCis useful for TL-dosimetric applications. arabic 15 English 115
Fawzeia Khamis(5-2020)
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Assessment of different Growth Techniques of Strained Germanium Heterostructures for Electronic and spintronic Devices

This paper, emphasis different growth techniques of two-dimensional hole gas of strained germanium (sGe) heterostructure, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD). sGe heterostructure has become an important material as a replacement material to Silicon in P-type devices because of its higher hole mobility and lower effective mass. Researchers study this material in terms of electrical and spintronic devices according to technology demands for devices with higher efficiency and low power consumption. High hole mobility up to 1×10cm/Vs at temperature of 1.5 K has been reported for normal structure declaring high quality samples with low density dislocation and low interface roughness. arabic 14 English 105
Adel Diyaf, A.H. A. Hassan , U. Elfurawi , A. E. Abubkr (6-2019)
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Modeling effects of outlet nozzle geometry on swirling flows in gas turbine

Swirl stabilised combustion is one of the most successful technologies for flame stabilisation in gas turbine combustors. Lean premixed combustion systems allow the reduction of NOx coupled with fair flame stability. The swirl mechanism produces an aerodynamic region known as central recirculation zone (CRZ) providing a low velocity region where the flame speed matches the flow velocity, thus anchoring the flame whilst serving to recycle heat and active chemical species to the root of the former. Another beneficial feature of the CRZ is the enhancement of the mixing in and around this region. However, the mixing and stabilisation processes inside of this zone have shown to be extremely complex. The level of swirl, burner outlet configuration and combustor expansion are very important variables that define the features of the CRZ. The complex fluid dynamics and lean conditions pose a problem for stabilization of the flame. The problem is even more acute when alternative fuels are used for flexible operation. Therefore, in this paper swirling flame dynamics are investigated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with commercial software (ANSYS). A new generic swirl burner operated under lean-premixed conditions was modelled. A variety of nozzles were analysed using isothermal case to recognize the the behavers of swirl . The investigation was based on recognising the size and strength of the central recirculation zones. The dimensions and turbulence of the Central Recirculation Zone were measured and correlated to previous experiments. The results show how the strength and size of the recirculation zone are highly influenced by both the shear layer surrounding the Central Recirculation Zones (CRZ) and outlet configurations. arabic 11 English 64
Adel Diyaf, Hesham Baej, Adel Akair, Salem Adeilla, Abdurahman Kraiem(9-2018)
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Inorganic Thin Film Materials for Solar Cell Applications

Due to the global concerns on the depletion of fossil fuels and the negative effect of their use in environmental pollution and climate change, renewable energy resources are increasingly in demand. Global solar power generation has almost doubled during the last 2 years with countries, such as China, leading the way with huge investments. The first generation of solar cells are either single or multi crystalline silicon, and still have 59% market share; the second (amorphous silicon, copper indium gallium selenide, and cadmium telluride) is approaching in terms of cost and efficiency; and the third (dye sensitized solar cells, organic photovoltaic, quantum dots, and perovskite) all show promise yet are still to come to market. However, future solar cells (using copper oxide and zinc oxide) featuring the regular intrusion of one junction layer into the other in order to massively improve junction contact area are of particular promise. arabic 7 English 50
Adel Diyaf, Yahya Alajlani, Abed Alaswad, Frank Placido, Des Gibson(1-2018)
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Simulation of Electromagnetic Waves in Free Space

In this paper, considers a solution of Maxwell's curl equations by using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. We simulated electromagnetic waves propagation in free space. The electric and magnetic fields generated in two cases to make a comparison between the models. All models were computed using the same parameters. This study showed that the intensities of the fields affected when adding three excited sources pointed in three locations. However, it was noted that three sources placed in the same location improved the distributions of the fields. Therefore, this difference in excitation position leads to change the image intensity distribution. arabic 7 English 43
Adel G Diyaf, Sedig S. Farhat(4-2017)
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