قسم الهندسة النووية

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حول قسم الهندسة النووية

تم إنشاء قسم الهندسة النووية كأحد أقسام كلية الهندسة عام 1974م وتم قبول أول دفعة في العام الدراسي 1977م كما شهد عام 1981م تخريج أول دفعة. ويهدف قسم الهندسة النووية وهو القسم الوحيد بالجامعات الليبية إلى إعداد الكفاءات العلمية المؤهلة والقادرة على استيعاب التطورات التي تحدث في مجال العلوم النووية المساهمة في إدخال أساليب التقنية النووية وتطويعها للاستخدامات السلمية في كافة المجالات ذات العلاقة.

شعب القسم: يضم القسم حالياً شعبتين هما:  شعبة الطاقة وتهتم باستخدامات المفاعلات النووية. وشعبة التطبيقات الإشعاعية وتهتم بتطبيقات الإشعاع النووي .

حقائق حول قسم الهندسة النووية

نفتخر بما نقدمه للمجتمع والعالم

9

المنشورات العلمية

11

هيئة التدريس

109

الطلبة

0

الخريجون

من يعمل بـقسم الهندسة النووية

يوجد بـقسم الهندسة النووية أكثر من 11 عضو هيئة تدريس

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د. كريمة محمد علي المصري

منشورات مختارة

بعض المنشورات التي تم نشرها في قسم الهندسة النووية

Evaluation of vertebral fracture assessment images for the detection of abdominal aortic calcification

Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is an established modality for the assessment of bone mineral density. DXA has also been used for the detection of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) using lateral images taken for vertebral fracture assessment (VFA). In this phantom study, the capability of VFA for the detection of AAC was investigated. A Perspex phantom of variable width in the range 15-30 cm was used to simulate abdominal soft tissue. Aluminium strips of thickness 0.05-2.0 mm were sandwiched between two halves of the phantom to mimic aortic calcification. VFA images of the phantom were acquired in single-energy mode and analysed by placing regions of interest over the aluminium strip and an adjacent area of Perspex. For each phantom width, the minimum detectable aluminium thickness was assessed visually and related to contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Linearity of pixel value with aluminium thickness was tested by linear regression and correlation. Repeatability was measured with five repeated scans for selected phantom configurations. The minimum thickness of aluminium that could be visualised increased with phantom width and varied from 0.05 mm at 15 cm Perspex to 0.5 mm at 30 cm Perspex; the CNR threshold was about 0.03. At all phantom widths, the variation of pixel value with aluminium thickness was strongly linear (r²>0.98, p
Karima Elmasri, William David Evans, Yulia Hicks(6-2017)
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Studying of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in Oilfield (A/100) South East of Libya

The huge volume of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) wastes produced annually by the oil and gas industry in Libya deserves the attention of the national environmental protection authority, radioactive waste management and regulatory bodies. An investigation was carried out to find out the concentration of (NORMs) in evaporation ponds sludge in south eastern oilfield (A/100) of Libya. Twenty soil samples were collected from five evaporation ponds sludge. Activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soil generated during oil production operations were determined using a gamma spectroscopy system based on High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector. Concentrations ranged from 83 to 1000 Bq kg–1 for 226Ra, 59 to 315 Bq kg–1 for 232Th and 109 to 304 Bq kg–1 for 40K. To evaluate the radiological effects, radium equivalent activity and external hazard are calculated. The magnitude of these results demonstrates the need of screening oil residues for their radionuclide content in order to decide about possibility of minimize the environmental impact of NORM and their final disposal. Disposal of NORM waste has to be in accordance with national regulations, environmental policy and international agreements and conventions. The researchers recommend limits for clearance and disposal, based on best international practice. arabic 18 English 82
Usama Elghawi (1-2021)
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Monte Carlo modeling of 6 MV photon beam produced by the elekta precise linear accelerator of Tripoli medical center using beamnrc/dosexyznrc

The 6MV photon beam production by the Elekta Line accelerateur of Tripoli of medical center (TMC) was modeled using Beamnrc and Dosexyzne Monte Carlo codes. The Beamnrc code was used to model the accelerator head and generate phase files. The phase space files were then used as input to the Dosexyzne code to simulate octogenarian deth dose and beam profiles. simulation were first stared using nominal provided by the vendor, a field size of 10x10cm2 and Source to surface distance (SSD) of 100 cm. simulation were compared with experimental data and energy tuning procedures were applied to validate the model. Energy tuning procedures indicated that the nominal energy of 6 MV and a FWHM of the Gaussian distribution of the source of 0.35 cm were the optimal energy and FWHM for the model. The depth of maximum dose at 6 MV was found to be 1.5 cm. The percentage relative differences between calculated and experimental Pdd(s) ranged from 0.5% to 3% for field size of 10cm2 and reached a value of 8% at depths greater than 20cm, The model was later used to calculate PDD(s) and beam profile and output factors for different field size ranging from 3x3cm2 to 25x25cm2. Calculated output factors were in good agreement with experimental values (the percentage relative differences ranged from 1% to 4%). (Author) arabic 42 English 152
Karima Elmasri, Tawfik Giaddui(12-2012)
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