المنشورات العلمية لـجامعة طرابلس

احصائيات منشورات جامعة طرابلس

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دراسة خصائص بعض المركبات الليبدية المحلية و المستوردة و دورها في صناعة الصابون والمنظفات الصناعية

يعتمد البحث على اجراء دراسة للمركبات الليبدية التي لها دورا مهما في حياة الانسان كمادة غذائية غنية باطاقة و في المنتجات المختلفة الشائعة كصناعة الصابون والمنظفات الصناعية و مواد التجميل و صناعة حبر لطابعة و لأهمية الليبديات تم تحليل عشر عينات من الدهون و الزيوت الحيوانية و النباتية و دهن الزبدة ودهن البقر (بالعلف المحلي و بدون علف )زيت الزيتون المحلي و زيت الذرة corn oil ،وزيت عباد الشمس sun flower وزيت الكتان ،زيت القطن ،زيت الفول السوداني ،زيت الصويا ،زيت النخيل (وزيت الخروع المحلي )،والتي لها دورا مهما في صناعة الصابون وقدرت درجة التصبن عن طريق معايرة الأحماض الدهنية الحرة في وزنة قدرها (5 جرام )من الدهن أو زيت بواسطة معايرتها بحمض الهيدروكلوريك تركيزه (0.52N) وكذلك تم حساب رقم الأسترة ،واالرقم اليودي لكل العينات باستخدام محلول تركيزه0.1 عياري من ثايو سلفات الصوديوم Na2S2O3.5H2O والدليل المستخدم النشأ1%.
أأبوبكر ابراهيم أبوبكر الحاجي, فرج عبد الجليل العارف المودي, شعبان جاب الله سعيد الاسطى(3-2022)
موقع المنشور

In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Flavonoid Extracts of Two Selected Libyan Algae against Multi-Drug Resistant Bacteria Isolated from Food Products

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of flavonoids extracted from two Libyan brown algae namely Cystoseira compressa and Padina pavonica using microwave-assisted extraction method against pathogenic bacteria isolated from meat, meat products, milk and dairy products (Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus (5 isolates), Bacillus cereus (3 isolates), Bacillus pumilus (1 isolate), Salmonella enterica subsp. enteric (4 isolates) and Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 (EHEC O157) (4 isolates)). All of these isolates were muti-drug resistant with high MAR index. The results showed that C. compressa extract exhibited better and stronger antibacterial activities against the seventeen tested isolates with inhibition zones diameter ranged from 14 - 22 mm compared to P. pavonica extract which showed positive effect against 9 isolates with low inhibition zone ranged from 11 - 16.5 mm. Flavonoids extracted from C. compressa also displayed the best spectrum of bactericidal effect with a ratio MBC/MIC ≤ 4 obtained on all susceptible tested bacterial strains. Flavonoids and proanthocyanidins significantly contributed to the antibacterial properties. The mode of action of these active extracts is under investigation.
Hesham Taher Naas(1-2017)
عرض موقع المنشور

Extent of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms in whole muscle meat, meat products and seafood sold in Libyan market

Abstract Background: Whole muscle meat, meat products, and seafood contain different nutrients in adequate quantity providing a better environment for presence and replication of different microorganisms. There are underreported and inaccurate estimations of foodborne diseases due to the lack of effective surveillance systems in Libya. Aim: To determine the extent of microbiological contamination of whole muscle meat, meat products, and seafood. Methods: A total number of 731 samples of retail meat were collected from different stores in four cities in Libya. Samples were analyzed for aerobic plate count and subjected to microbiological enumeration and isolation techniques, followed by molecular identification by PCR and partial sequencing of 16S rDNA. Results: The results showed contamination of samples with enteric and spoilage bacteria. Fifteen genera of spoilage bacteria yielded 149 isolates which were detected and identified by PCR and partial sequencing of 16S rDNA as: Proteus spp., Provedencia spp., Raouttella ornithinolytical, Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp., Morganella morgi, Shewanella algea, Rhodobacter capsulatus, Listonella pelagia, Kluyvera spp., Pectobacterium spp., Brenneria spp., Klebsiella spp., Acintobacter radioresistens, and Pantoea spp. While for pathogenic bacteria, 143 isolates distributed among nine genera were identified by PCR and partial sequencing of 16S rDNA as: Bacillus spp., Escherichia spp., Shigella spp., Enterococci spp., Cronobacter spp., Staphylococci spp., Salmonella spp., Aeromonas spp., and Vibrio spp.. Many isolated bacteria are zoonotic bacteria with high importance for public health. Conclusion: Excessive handling and processing of meat and meat products seems to be one of the poorest microbiological qualities. These findings ought to be helpful in risk assessments and quality assurance of meat in order to improve food safety.
Hesham Taher Naas(9-2020)
عرض موقع المنشور

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 in milk and dairy products from Libya: Isolation and molecular identification by partial sequencing of 16S rDNA

Aim: The aim of this work was to isolate and molecularly identify enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 in milk and dairy products in Libya, in addition; to clear the accuracy of cultural and biochemical identification as compared with molecular identification by partial sequencing of 16S rDNA for the existing isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 108 samples of raw milk (cow, she-camel, and goat) and locally made dairy products (fermented cow’s milk, Maasora, Ricotta and ice cream) were collected from some regions (Janzour, Tripoli, Kremiya, Tajoura and Tobruk) in Libya. Samples were subjected to microbiological analysis for isolation of E. coli that was detected by conventional cultural and molecular method using polymerase chain reaction and partial sequencing of 16S rDNA. Results: Out of 108 samples, only 27 isolates were found to be EHEC O157 based on their cultural characteristics (Tellurite- Cefixime-Sorbitol MacConkey) that include 3 isolates from cow’s milk (11%), 3 isolates from she-camel’s milk (11%), two isolates from goat’s milk (7.4%) and 7 isolates from fermented raw milk samples (26%), isolates from fresh locally made soft cheeses (Maasora and Ricotta) were 9 (33%) and 3 (11%), respectively, while none of the ice cream samples revealed any growth. However, out of these 27 isolates, only 11 were confirmed to be E. coli by partial sequencing of 16S rDNA and E. coli O157 Latex agglutination test. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that majority of local E. coli isolates were related to E. coli O157:H7 FRIK944 strain. Conclusion: These results can be used for further studies on EHEC O157 as an emerging foodborne pathogen and its role in human infection in Libya.
Hesham Taher Naas(11-2016)
عرض موقع المنشور

Comparison between Two Different Conventional Methods for Coliform count in Raw Milk and Locally Made Soft Cheese in Tripoli, Libya

Seventy five random samples were collected (25 raw milk, 50 local different made soft cheeses) from different supermarkets in Tripoli- Libya. The Objectives of this study were: (i)- to clear the incidence rate and count of coliforms as an indicator microorganisms for fecal contamination in raw milk and locally made soft cheese samples manufactured by traditional methods and (ii)- to make comparison between the most famous two conventional methods used for counting of such group of microorganisms. Coliforms were recovered from all the raw milk samples using the two methods (most probable number using liquid lauryl sulphate broth and sold plating method using violet red bile agar). The mean count for the former media was 28x106 while for the later one was 15x106 cfu/ml. For cheese samples (locally made Ricotta and Maasora), positive samples were 78% (39 samples) using MPN method, while 76% (38 samples) using sold plating media VRBA. The mean coliform count for positive samples using MPN was 18x107 cfu/g, while for VRBA plates the mean count for positive samples was 21x106 cfu/g. all counts were higher using MPN than VRBA for the same sample in both raw milk and cheese samples, although, clear difference in count between the two methods was recorded in cheese than that in raw milk, conditions that may affect the count in both raw milk and cheese were discussed. Factors that may limit
Hesham Taher Naas(1-2007)

Effect of combining nisin with modified atmosphere packaging on inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat turkey bologna

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of nisin in combination with different types of packaging on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat low-fat turkey bologna. Bologna was inoculated with L. monocytogenes exposed to 1 of 6 treatments: 3 packaging treatments (100% CO2, air, vacuum), each with and without nisin. Bologna was refrigerated and sampled 9 times over 42 d. Nisin reduced initial L. monocytogenes populations by 1.5 to 2 log cycles and 100% CO2 packaging prevented outgrowth throughout 42 d of storage, whereas non-CO2 packaging displayed a 2-log increase in population during storage. Nisin (500 IU/mL) combined with 100% CO2 was effective in reducing Listeria and preventing outgrowth on bologna over 42 d of refrigerated storage.
Hesham Taher Naas(3-2013)
عرض موقع المنشور

Bacteriological Quality of Mozzarella Cheese Sold in Tripoli Governorate

Thirty samples of Mozzarella cheese (15 made traditionally from raw milk in Tripoli city (Libya) and other 15 imported samples sold in markets related to different brand names) were examined bacteriologically for their total bacterial count, psychrophilic count, coliform count (MPN/g), presumptive Staphylococcus aureus count, as well as enterococci count. Higher counts were found in locally manufactured Mozzarella cheese. Salmonellae were absent in all examined samples for both types, while Escherichia coli were isolated from 3 samples (20%) of locally made samples. According to the suggested Libyan Standards of such samples, most of examined locally manufactured Mozzarella cheese samples were found unacceptable.
Hesham Taher Naas(1-2007)
عرض

Bactericidal Effects of Natural Tenderizing Enzymes on Escherichia Coli and Listeria monocytogenes

The objective of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity of proteolytic, meat-tenderizing enzymes (papain and bromelain) against E. coli and L. monocytogenes at three different temperatures (5, 25 and 35°C). Two overnight cultures of E. coli JM109 and L. monocytogenes were separately suspended in 1% peptone water and exposed to a proteolytic enzyme (papain or bromelain) at three different temperatures. Bromelain concentrations (4 mg/ml) and (1 mg/ml) tested at 25°C against E. coli and L. monocytogenes, respectively, were the most effective concentrations tested reducing populations by 3.37 and 5.7 log CFU/ml after 48 h, respectively. Papain levels of (0.0625 mg/ml) and (0.5 mg/ml) were the most effective concentration tested at 25°C against E. coli and L. monocytogenes, respectively, reducing populations by 4.94 and 6.58log CFU/ml after 48h, respectively. Interestingly, the lower papain concentration tested (0.0625 mg/ml) was more effective than the higher concentration (0.5 mg/ml) against E. coli at all three temperatures. As expected, the temperature was directly related to enzyme efficacy against both E. coli and L. monocytogenes.
Hesham Taher Naas(1-2013)
موقع المنشور